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Resuscitation. 2013 Aug;84(8):1068-77. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.02.010. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

Post-resuscitation care and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide propensity score-matching analysis.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.



This study aimed to determine whether active post-resuscitation care (APRC) was associated with improved out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes on a nationwide level.


We used a national OHCA cohort database consisting of hospital and ambulance data. We included all survivors of OHCA, excluding patients with non-cardiac etiology, younger than 15 years, and with unknown outcomes, from (2008 to 2010). The APRC was defined when the OHCA patients received mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) or active cardiac care (ACC), such as intravenous thrombolysis, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass surgery, and pacemaker/implantable cardioverter defibrillator insertion, as well as routine intensive care; patients receiving conservative post-resuscitation care (CPRC) served as the other group. The primary and secondary outcomes were survival to discharge and a good neurological outcome (cerebral performance category [CPC] 1-2), respectively. We extracted propensity-matched samples to control for selection bias. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to compare the APRC and CPRC groups adjusting for potential risks to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Of total 64,155 patients, 4557 survived to admission and were included in the final analysis. Out of these patients, 1599 (35.1%) cases survived to discharge, and 499 (11.0%) cases were discharged with good neurological recoveries. Overall, 695 cases (15.3%) received any APRC, including MTH (n=377, 8.3%) and ACC (370, 8.1%). The outcomes was better in the APRC group than in the CPRC group for survival to discharge (58.7% vs. 30.8%, p<0.001) and good neurological outcome (27.2% vs. 8.0%, p<0.001), respectively. In the total cohort, the adjusted ORs of the APRC group compared to those the CPRC group were 2.15 (95% CI 1.78-2.59) for survival to discharge and 2.54 (95% CI 1.98-3.27) for a good neurological outcome. In the propensity score-matched cohort, the adjusted ORs for survival to discharge and good neurological outcome of APRC were significantly favorable.


Active post-resuscitation care resulted in significantly improved outcomes in adult OHCA patients with a presumed cardiac etiology in a nationwide, retrospective, observational study.


Cardiac arrest; Hypothermia; Intensive care; Outcome

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