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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 May;68(5):834-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2012.11.002. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Autoinflammation: From monogenic syndromes to common skin diseases.

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Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.


Autoinflammation is characterized by aberrant regulation of the innate immune system and often manifests as periodic fevers and systemic inflammation involving multiple organs, including the skin. Mutations leading to abnormal behavior or activity of the interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß)-processing inflammasome complex have been found in several rare autoinflammatory syndromes, for which anticytokine therapy such as IL-1 or tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibition may be effective. It is becoming clear that features of autoinflammation also affect common dermatoses, some of which were previously thought to be solely autoimmune in origin (eg, vitiligo, systemic lupus erythematosus). Recognizing the pathogenetic role of autoinflammation can open up new avenues for the targeted treatment of complex, inflammatory dermatoses.

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