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Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 May 15;43:461-75. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.12.048. Epub 2013 Jan 4.

Recent advances and challenges in the anode architecture and their modifications for the applications of microbial fuel cells.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai-625 021, Tamilnadu, India. kumarg2006@gmail.com

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFC), the ergonomic technology connects the liaison of fuel cell architecture and biological resources. Many viable applications like wastewater treatment, biosensors and bioremediation can be made possible with the help of MFCs. This technology is still at its toddler stage and immense works are still in progress to increase the volumetric energy density of MFCs. The overall performance of MFC depends on the cardinal part of the system; anode. A number of anode materials are currently in research to adjudge the better one in terms of the startup time, power output and durability. A wide range of possibilities are now currently available in the fabrication and modification of anode materials to substantially increase the power performances. This review adumbrates the significant requirements of anodes that are essential to be fulfilled, encompasses the aspiring research efforts which have been devoted so far in the anode modification and fabrication strategies to increase the power output, durability and compatibility of the anode interface with the inoculated microorganisms.

PMID:
23452909
DOI:
10.1016/j.bios.2012.12.048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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