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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Apr;61(4):571-6. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12157. Epub 2013 Mar 1.

A qualitative evaluation of a telemedicine-enhanced emergency care program for older adults.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.



To document the experiences of patients, their caregivers, healthcare personnel, and staff members with a program that provides telemedicine-enhanced emergency care to older adults residing in senior living communities (SLCs) and to delineate perceived barriers and facilitators.


Qualitative study.


A primary care geriatric medicine practice.


Stakeholders associated with telemedicine visits: patients, family caregivers, telemedicine dispatcher, certified telemedicine assistants, telemedicine providers, and SLC staff.


Between June and August 2011, telemedicine encounters were observed, and field notes were recorded. After each telemedicine visit, all participants were interviewed using a semistructured guide. Discrete statements from interviews and field notes were coded and arranged into themes. Concordance or discordance in field notes and stakeholder responses were grouped for analysis.


After 10 telemedicine visits and 34 interviews from 21 unique participants, redundancy was achieved. Participants and their families overwhelmingly reported satisfaction with their care, remarking particularly on the convenience, speed, and completeness of the evaluation. Participants reported some unmet expectations regarding provider presence at home and visit length. Providers thought telemedicine made them more efficient overall and improved diagnostic certainty but considered in-person visits to be superior. All stakeholders, including patients, noted inadequate telemedicine technician training, leading to low confidence levels and performance difficulties. Participants, providers, and telemedicine technicians cited problems with the reliability, weight, and size of the equipment as serious challenges, decreasing their satisfaction and increasing their frustration.


Telemedicine-enhanced emergency care is an acceptable method of providing emergency care to older adults in SLCs. Stakeholders report a number of advantages. Training and technology barriers require particular attention.

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