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J Surg Oncol. 2013 May;107(6):602-7. doi: 10.1002/jso.23299. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Tumor-positive resection margins reflect an aggressive tumor biology in pancreatic cancer.

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1
Division of Surgical Oncology, The Hiram C. Polk, J.R., M.D. Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Resection margin status has been shown to impact outcomes for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC), yet it remains unknown whether margin status is a reflection of tumor biology or surgical technique.

METHODS:

Two hundred eighty-three consecutive patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Only patients with R0 (n = 207) or R1 (n = 76) tumors were included. Each operative surgeon's first 50 cases were excluded to control for technical inexperience. Univariable and multivariable analyses of clinicopathologic and intra-operative factors were performed.

RESULTS:

The median follow-up for the cohort was 30.3 months with a median overall survival (OS) of 19.0 months. The R1 group had a higher rate of lymph node ratio >0.2 (41% vs. 25%; P = 0.013), and more microvascular invasion (64% vs. 44%; P = 0.007). R0 resections had both improved overall survival (22.7 months vs. 15.0 months, P = 0.004) and disease free survival (13.5 months vs. 10.7 months, P = 0.026). Factors independently associated with overall survival were microvascular invasion (HR 2.26; P = 0.001), pre-existing pulmonary disease (HR 2.18, P = 0.043), and cardiac disease (HR 1.78, P = 0.033).

CONCLUSION:

Factors associated with an R1 resection reflect a biologically more aggressive tumor, with a higher likelihood of microvascular invasion and increased positive lymph node ratio.

PMID:
23450687
DOI:
10.1002/jso.23299
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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