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J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 Jan;7(1):178-80. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2012/5104.2702. Epub 2013 Jan 1.

Malnutrition and its oral outcome - a review.

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Reader, Department of Pedodontics, Mansarovar Dental College & Hospital , Bhopal-462042, India .


Malnutrition affects the oral health and a poor oral health in turn, may lead to malnutrition. This interdependent relationship sees good nutritional health, thus promoting good oral health and vice versa. Malnutrition may alter the homeostasis, which can lead to disease progression of the oral cavity, reduce the resistance to the microbial biofilm and reduce the capacity of tissue healing. It may even affect the development of the oral cavity. Protein-energy malnutrition occurs when there is a deficiency of protein, energy foods or both, which are relative to a body's need. Studies have suggested that enamel hypoplasia, salivary gland hypofunction and saliva compositional changes may be the mechanisms through which the malnutrition is associated with caries, while an altered eruption timing may create a challenge in the analysis of the age specific caries rates. This paper gives an insight on the relationship of the malnutrition and the protein-energy malnutrition with the oral health status.


Dental Caries; Malnutrition; Protein Energy Malnutrition ( PEM)

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