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Stand Genomic Sci. 2012 Oct 10;7(1):82-90. doi: 10.4056/sigs.2856770. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

Complete genome sequence of Thermovibrio ammonificans HB-1(T), a thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA ; Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA ; Institute for Marine Science - ISMAR, National Research Council of Italy - CNR, Ancona, Italy.

Abstract

Thermovibrio ammonificans type strain HB-1(T) is a thermophilic (Topt: 75°C), strictly anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium that was isolated from an active, high temperature deep-sea hydrothermal vent on the East Pacific Rise. This organism grows on mineral salts medium in the presence of CO2/H2, using NO3(-) or S(0) as electron acceptors, which are reduced to ammonium or hydrogen sulfide, respectively. T. ammonificans is one of only three species within the genus Thermovibrio, a member of the family Desulfurobacteriaceae, and it forms a deep branch within the phylum Aquificae. Here we report the main features of the genome of T. ammonificans strain HB-1(T) (DSM 15698(T)).

KEYWORDS:

Aquificae; Desulfurobacteriaceae; anaerobic; chemolithoautotrophic; hydrothermal vent; thermophilic

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