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Angiology. 2014 Apr;65(4):303-7. doi: 10.1177/0003319713479651. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Earlobe crease may provide predictive information on asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in patients clinically free of atherosclerotic vascular disease.

Author information

1
1Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey.

Abstract

The diagonal earlobe crease (ELC) has been regarded as a simple marker of atherosclerosis. There is no knowledge concerning the relation of ELC to the presence, extent, and severity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Patients (n = 253) without known atherosclerotic vascular disease and symptoms were enrolled consecutively. Ankle brachial index (ABI) was measured. Patients with ELC had lower ABI compared to those with no ELC (1.02 ± 0.12 vs 1.11 ± 0.08, P < .001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated ELC (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.3-21.9; P: .001) and age (95% CI: 0.87-0.99; P = .02) as independent determinants of abnormal ABI. There was incremental increased frequency of ELC from normal ABI to significant PAD. We have shown for the first time a significant and independent association between presence of ELC and increased prevalence, extent, and severity of PAD in patients without overt atherosclerotic vascular disease.

KEYWORDS:

ankle brachial index; earlobe crease; peripheral arterial disease

PMID:
23449604
DOI:
10.1177/0003319713479651
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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