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Dev Cell. 2013 Feb 25;24(4):438-45. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2013.01.019.

Regulation of leaf maturation by chromatin-mediated modulation of cytokinin responses.

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1
Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

Plant shoots display indeterminate growth, while their evolutionary decedents, the leaves, are determinate. Determinate leaf growth is conditioned by the CIN-TCP transcription factors, which promote leaf maturation and are negatively regulated by miR319 in leaf primordia. Here we show that CIN-TCPs reduce leaf sensitivity to cytokinin (CK), a phytohormone implicated in inhibition of differentiation in the shoot. We identify the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA (BRM) as a genetic mediator of CIN-TCP activities and CK responses. An interactome screen further revealed that SWI/SNF complex components including BRM preferentially interacted with basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors and the bHLH-related CIN-TCPs. Indeed, TCP4 and BRM interacted in planta. Both TCP4 and BRM bound the promoter of an inhibitor of CK responses, ARR16, and induced its expression. Reconstituting ARR16 levels in leaves with reduced CIN-TCP activity restored normal growth. Thus, CIN-TCP and BRM together promote determinate leaf growth by stage-specific modification of CK responses.

PMID:
23449474
PMCID:
PMC3994294
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2013.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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