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J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2013 Feb 28;15:21. doi: 10.1186/1532-429X-15-21.

Inflow-weighted pulmonary perfusion: comparison between dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI versus perfusion scintigraphy in complex pulmonary circulation.

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Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.



Due to the different properties of the contrast agents, the lung perfusion maps as measured by 99mTc-labeled macroaggregated albumin perfusion scintigraphy (PS) are not uncommonly discrepant from those measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) using indicator-dilution analysis in complex pulmonary circulation. Since PS offers the pre-capillary perfusion of the first-pass transit, we hypothesized that an inflow-weighted perfusion model of DCE-MRI could simulate the result by PS.


22 patients underwent DCE-MRI at 1.5T and also PS. Relative perfusion contributed by the left lung was calculated by PS (PS(L%)), by DCE-MRI using conventional indicator dilution theory for pulmonary blood volume (PBV(L%)) and pulmonary blood flow (PBFL%) and using our proposed inflow-weighted pulmonary blood volume (PBV(iw)(L%)). For PBViw(L%), the optimal upper bound of the inflow-weighted integration range was determined by correlation coefficient analysis.


The time-to-peak of the normal lung parenchyma was the optimal upper bound in the inflow-weighted perfusion model. Using PSL% as a reference, PBV(L%) showed error of 49.24% to -40.37% (intraclass correlation coefficient R(I) = 0.55) and PBF(L%) had error of 34.87% to -27.76% (R(I) = 0.80). With the inflow-weighted model, PBV(iw)(L%) had much less error of 12.28% to -11.20% (R(I) = 0.98) from PS(L%).


The inflow-weighted DCE-MRI provides relative perfusion maps similar to that by PS. The discrepancy between conventional indicator-dilution and inflow-weighted analysis represents a mixed-flow component in which pathological flow such as shunting or collaterals might have participated.

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