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J Biol Chem. 2013 Apr 12;288(15):10870-81. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.426130. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

Syk inhibits the activity of protein kinase A by phosphorylating tyrosine 330 of the catalytic subunit.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.


The Syk protein-tyrosine kinase can have multiple effects on cancer cells, acting in some as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting motility and in others as a tumor promoter by enhancing survival. Phosphoproteomic analyses identified PKA as a Syk-specific substrate. Syk catalyzes the phosphorylation of the catalytic subunit of PKA (PKAc) both in vitro and in cells on Tyr-330. Tyr-330 lies within the adenosine-binding motif in the C-terminal tail of PKAc within a cluster of acidic amino acids (DDYEEEE), which is a characteristic of Syk substrates. The phosphorylation of PKAc on Tyr-330 by Syk strongly inhibits its catalytic activity. Molecular dynamics simulations suggest that this additional negative charge prevents the C-terminal tail from interacting with the substrate and the nucleotide-binding site to stabilize the closed conformation of PKAc, thus preventing catalysis from occurring. Phosphoproteomic analyses and Western blotting studies indicate that Tyr-330 can be phosphorylated in a Syk-dependent manner in MCF7 breast cancer cells and DT40 B cells. The phosphorylation of a downstream substrate of PKAc, cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), is inhibited in cells expressing Syk but can be rescued by a selective inhibitor of Syk. Modulation of CREB activity alters the expression of the CREB-regulated gene BCL2 and modulates cellular responses to genotoxic agents. Thus, PKA is a novel substrate of Syk, and its phosphorylation on Tyr-330 inhibits its participation in downstream signaling pathways.

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