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Electrical impedance alterations in the rat hind limb with unloading.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School,USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Methods are needed for quantifying muscle deconditioning due to immobilization, aging, or spaceflight. Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is one technique that may offer easy-to-follow metrics. Here, we evaluate the time course and character of the change in single- and multi-frequency EIM parameters in the hind-limb suspension model of muscle deconditioning in rats.

METHODS:

Sixty-two rats were studied with EIM during a two-week period of hind limb unloading followed by a two-week recovery period. Random subsets of animals were sacrificed at one-week time intervals to measure muscle fiber size.

RESULTS:

Significant alterations were observed in nearly all impedance parameters. The 50 kHz phase and multi-frequency phase-slope, created by taking the slope of a line fitted to the impedance values between 100-500 kHz, appeared most sensitive to disuse atrophy, the latter decreasing by over 33.0±6.6% (p<0.001), a change similar to the maximum reduction in muscle fiber size. Impedance alterations, however, lagged changes in muscle fiber size.

CONCLUSIONS:

EIM is sensitive to disuse change in the rat, albeit with a delay relative to alterations in muscle fiber size. Given the rapidity and simplicity of EIM measurements, the technique could prove useful in providing a non-invasive approach to measuring disuse change in animal models and human subjects.

PMID:
23445913
PMCID:
PMC3984464
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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