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J Biol Chem. 1975 Feb 25;250(4):1434-44.

Cross-linking of the components of lactose synthetase with dimethylpimelimidate.


The cross-linking of the two components of lactose synthetase, alpha-lactalbumin and a galactosyltransferase, with dimethylpimelimidate was examined. The extent of the cross-linking at pH 8.1 was found to be dependent upon the presence of substrates or inhibitors for the galactosyltransferase. N-acetylglucosamine and mixtures of either N-acetylglucosamine, Mn-2+ and UDP, or UDP-galactose and Mn-2+ promoted the formation of cross-linked species. Glucose or a mixture of UDP and Mn-2+ were much less effective in promoting cross-linking. Two types of intermolecularly cross-linked species of alpha-lactalbumin and the galactosyltransferase were obtained. Each was a 1:1 cross-linked complex of alpha-lactalbumin and either of the two forms of the transferase with molecular weights of about 42,000 and 48,000, respectively. Cross-linked complexes were not observed with more than 1 molecule each of alpha-lactalbumin and the transferase. The cross-linked complexes were obtained in homogeneous form by gel filtration on Sephadex and absorption of uncross-linked enzyme by affinity chromatography on alpha-lactalbumin-Sepharose in the presence of N-acetylglucosamine. They migrated on gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate with mobilities in accord with their predicted molecular weights as 1:1 complexes of alpha-lactalbumin and the transferase. The amino acid composition of the cross-linked complex was in reasonable agreement with the expected composition of a 1:1 mixture of alpha-lactalbumin and galactosyltransferase. The enzymic properties of the cross-linked and uncross-linked enzymes were compared. The cross-linked complex had a much higher intrinsic lactose synthetase activity than did uncross-linked enzyme although only about 1% of the potential activity of uncross-linked enzyme in the presence of optimal concentrations of alpha-lactalbumin. The lactose synthetase activity of the cross-linked complex, however, was unaffected by exogenous alpha-lactalbumin. In addition, the complex readily catalyzed the transfer of galactose from UDP-galactose to xylose in the absence of exogenous alpha-lactalbumin. The N-acetyllactosamine synthetase activity of the complex was low compared to its activity with other monosaccharides. Ovalbumin, which is a good acceptor for the uncross-linked transferase, was not an acceptor for the cross-linked complex. Kinetic studies of the complex suggest that its modified catalytic activity is not the result of the modification by dimethylpimelimidate but reflects the expected effects of is provided, and that

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