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Pharmazie. 2013 Jan;68(1):47-53.

Cell uptake of paclitaxel solid lipid nanoparticles modified by cell-penetrating peptides in A549 cells.

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Department of Pharmaceutics, Jiangsu Province Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, PR China.


The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) modified with stearic acid octaarginine (SA-R8-PTX-SLN) as well as the cellular uptake of coumarin-6-loaded SLN modified with SA-R8 (SA-R8-C6-SLN) in human lung cancer cells, A549. SLN were prepared using a film dispersion method; and then their particle size, zeta potential, morphology, bound efficiency of SAR8, drug loading efficiency, and in vitro release were characterized. SA-R8-PTX-SLN and SA-R8-C6-SLN were incubated with A549 cells to measure their cytotoxicity and cellular uptake, respectively. The results indicated that the cytotoxicity of SA-R8-PTX-SLN was enhanced significantly with the increasing amount of SA-R8 and the cellular uptakes of SLN increased with the incubated concentrations and the incubated time of SLN. In contrast, SA-R8-SLN could significantly enhance the cellular uptake of SLN and the cytotoxicity of PTX in A549 cells. These in vitro results suggest that SA-R8-SLN could be proposed as alternative drug delivery system.

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