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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2013 Mar;138(10):473-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1332913. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

[Raynaud's phenomenon in occupational vibration exposure].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin der Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.

Abstract

HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS:

A 34-year-old female stonemason was referred for expert opinion. The question at issue was, whether she suffered from vibration-induced white finger disease. She was exposed to high-frequency hand-arm vibrations for many years. She reported white finger attacks at the long fingers, which were associated with cold weather. Until this point, physical findings were normal.

INVESTIGATIONS:

The cold water provocation test showed a slight delay of the rewarming for the long fingers of the right hand. The nailfold capillary microscopy was normal.

DIAGNOSIS AND COURSE:

The slight Raynaud's phenomenon was recognized as an occupational disease with a diagnosis of vibration-induced white finger disease. About three years later, the symptoms of the Raynaud's phenomenon had deteriorated, although the patient had finished working with vibrating tools. The cold water provocation test confirmed the deterioration. At this time, the patient had inflamed swellings of some joints caused by rheumatoid arthritis.

CONCLUSION:

The differential diagnosis of a Raynaud's phenomenon should include occupational causes. Occupational history is diagnostically indicative. If an occupational disease is assumed, a report must be filed. With respect to German social law, the deterioration of the Raynaud's phenomenon was caused by the rheumatoid arthritis, which is regarded as independent from the job.

PMID:
23444022
DOI:
10.1055/s-0032-1332913
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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