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Nat Methods. 2013 Mar;10(3):211-20. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.2371.

Zymography methods for visualizing hydrolytic enzymes.

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Laboratory of Immunobiology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Belgium.


Zymography is a technique for studying hydrolytic enzymes on the basis of substrate degradation. It is a powerful, but often misinterpreted, tool yielding information on potential hydrolytic activities, enzyme forms and the locations of active enzymes. In this Review, zymography techniques are compared in terms of advantages, limitations and interpretations. With in gel zymography, enzyme forms are visualized according to their molecular weights. Proteolytic activities are localized in tissue sections with in situ zymography. In vivo zymography can pinpoint proteolytic activity to sites in an intact organism. Future development of novel substrate probes and improvement in detection and imaging methods will increase the applicability of zymography for (reverse) degradomics studies.

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