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Indian J Cancer. 2012 Oct-Dec;49(4):425-30. doi: 10.4103/0019-509X.107751.

Tobacco use and cessation counseling in India-data from the Global Health Professions Students Survey, 2005-09.

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1
Healis-Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Navi Mumbai, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Tobacco use by health professionals reflects the failure of healthcare systems in protecting not only beneficiaries of the system but also those involved in health care delivery.

AIM:

The aim of this study was to report findings from the Global Health Professions Students Survey (GHPSS) conducted in medical, dental, nursing and pharmacy schools in India.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Indian dental and medical schools (in 2009), nursing (in 2007), and pharmacy (in 2008) schools.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Anonymous, self-administered GHPSS questionnaire covering demographics, tobacco use prevalence, secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, desire to quit smoking and training received to provide cessation counseling to patients was used.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

Proportions and prevalence were computed using SUDAAN and SPSS 15.0.

RESULTS:

Current cigarette smoking and other tobacco use ranged from 3.4-13.4% and 4.5-11.6% respectively, in the four health professional schools, with the highest numbers for medical schools and males. Enforcement of smoking ban in medical schools was low (53%) compared to nursing (86.4%), pharmacy (85.5%), and dental (90.8%) schools. Ninety percent students thought health professionals have a role in giving smoking cessation advice to their patients. Three out of five current smokers wanted to quit. However, one out of two reported receiving help/advice to quit. Although all expressed the need, 29.1-54.8% students received cessation training in their schools.

CONCLUSION:

Tobacco control policy, cessation training and initiatives to help students quit smoking should be undertaken.

PMID:
23442408
DOI:
10.4103/0019-509X.107751
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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