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Rhinology. 2013 Mar;51(1):18-21. doi: 10.4193/Rhino12.111.

The golden ratio in facial symmetry.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Crete School of Medicine, Heraklio, Greece. eprokopakis@gmail.com

Abstract

Symmetry is believed to be a hallmark of appealing faces. However, this does not imply that the most aesthetically pleasing proportions are necessary those that arise from the simple division of the face into thirds or fifths. Based on the etymology of the word symmetry, as well as on specific examples and theories of beauty, we conclude that φ-value, a ratio also known as the golden ratio or the divine proportion, can also characterize symmetrical forms. Therefore, we propose the utilization of this ratio in facial aesthetics.

PMID:
23441307
DOI:
10.4193/Rhino12.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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