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Infect Immun. 2013 May;81(5):1541-9. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00337-12. Epub 2013 Feb 25.

The actin-polymerizing activity of SipA is not essential for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium-induced mucosal inflammation.

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1
Department of Molecular Virology, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium depends on type III secretion systems to inject effector proteins into host cells to promote bacterial invasion and to induce intestinal inflammation. SipA, a type III effector, is known to play important roles in both the invasion and the elicitation of intestinal inflammation. The actin-modulating activity of SipA has been shown to promote Salmonella entry into epithelial cells. To investigate whether the actin-modulating activity of SipA is required for its ability to induce an inflammatory response in vivo, we generated the SipA(K635A E637W) mutant, which is deficient in actin-modulating activity. Salmonella strains expressing the chromosomal SipA(K635A E637W) point mutation had reduced invasion abilities but still caused colitis similar to that caused by the wild-type strain in a mouse model of infection. Our data indicate that the SipA actin-polymerizing activity is not essential for the SipA-induced inflammatory response in the mouse model of infection.

PMID:
23439302
PMCID:
PMC3648018
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.00337-12
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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