Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Prev Med. 2013 May;56(5):341-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.02.005. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Parental influences on 7-9 year olds' physical activity: a conceptual model.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, Dept. of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA. jleary@hsc.wvu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Models characterizing parental influence on child and adolescent physical activity (PA) over time are limited. Preschool and Adolescent Models (PM and AM) of PA are available leaving the need to focus on elementary-aged children. We tested current models (PM and AM) with a sample of 7-9 year-olds, and then developed a model appropriate to this specific target population.

METHODS:

Parent-child dyads completed questionnaires in 2010-2011. All models were assessed using path analysis and model fit indices.

RESULTS:

For adequate power, 90 families were needed, with 174 dyads participating. PM and AM exhibited poor fit when applied to the study population. A gender-specific model was developed and demonstrated acceptable fit. To develop an acceptable model for this population, constructs from both the PM (i.e. parental perception of child competency) and AM (i.e., child-reported self-efficacy) were used. For boys, self-efficacy was a strong predictor of PA, which was influenced by various parental variables. For girls, parental PA demonstrated the greatest strength of association with child PA.

CONCLUSION:

This new model can be used to promote PA and guide future research/interventions. Future studies, particularly longitudinal designs, are needed to confirm the utility of this model as a bridge between currently available models.

PMID:
23438761
PMCID:
PMC4888866
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center