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Chem Biol. 2013 Feb 21;20(2):241-52. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2013.01.007.

Recycling of informational units leads to selection of replicators in a prebiotic soup.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland, OR 97207, USA.

Abstract

Prebiotic chemical reactions would have been greatly aided by a process whereby living materials could have been recycled under conditions of limiting resources. Recombination of RNA fragments is a viable means of recycling but has not been demonstrated. Using systems based on the Azoarcus group I intron ribozyme, computational Monte Carlo studies indicate that a moderate level of recycling activity, spontaneous or catalyzed, leads to the most robust selection scenarios. It is interesting that recycling leads to a threshold effect where a dominant species suddenly jumps to fixation. In conjunction, laboratory studies with the Azoarcus ribozyme corroborate these results, showing that mixtures of scrambled and/or deleteriously mutated molecules can recycle their component fragments to generate fully functional recombinase ribozymes. These studies highlight the importance of recombination and recycling jointly in the advent of living systems.

PMID:
23438753
DOI:
10.1016/j.chembiol.2013.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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