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Addict Behav. 1990;15(2):165-8.

Postpartum smoking relapse.

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Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Minneapolis 55455.


While it has been established that many women quit smoking during pregnancy, little is known about postpartum maintenance of smoking cessation and relapse. A sample of 567 women were surveyed at about 6 months postpartum in order to (a) describe the patterns of smoking relapse; (b) assess the perceived importance of smoking cessation in pregnancy and postpartum; and (c) identify potentially high risk situations for smoking relapse. Results indicate that about half (56%) of the women who quit smoking during pregnancy relapse to smoking by 30 days postpartum. Most of these relapses occur in the company of other smokers. Socializing and/or living with a smoker had a powerful negative impact on ability to maintain abstinence in postpartum. Smoking cessation programs for pregnant women should emphasize the importance of continued abstinence in postpartum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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