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PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56975. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056975. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Functional dissection of the dictyostelium discoideum dynamin B mitochondrial targeting sequence.

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1
Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Most mitochondrial proteins are nuclear encoded and synthesized in the cytosol with an N-terminal mitochondrial targeting sequence or presequence for subsequent import into mitochondria. Here, we describe the proteolytic processing and inner membrane potential-dependent translocation of a dynamin family member by the Dictyostelium discoideum mitochondrial import system. Our results show that the unusual D. discoideum dynamin B presequence is removed through a processing mechanism that is common for mitochondrial matrix proteins. We identified a minimal segment of the dynamin B presequence containing seven lysine residues. This 47-residue region is, in combination with consensus matrix protease cleavage sites, necessary and sufficient for mitochondrial targeting. The correct positioning of these lysine residues plays a critical role for the proper processing and mitochondrial import of dynamin B in D. discoideum. Fluorescent proteins tagged with the dynamin B presequence or presequence regions supporting mitochondrial import in D. discoideum are imported with similar efficiency into the mitochondrial matrix of mammalian cells, indicating that the basic mechanisms underlying mitochondrial protein import are highly conserved from amoebozoa to mammalia.

PMID:
23437285
PMCID:
PMC3578813
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0056975
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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