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Theor Appl Genet. 2013 May;126(5):1337-56. doi: 10.1007/s00122-013-2056-2. Epub 2013 Feb 23.

Combined linkage and association mapping of flowering time in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.).

Author information

1
Laboratoire des Interactions Plantes-Microorganismes (LIPM), INRA, UMR441, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France. elena.cadic@toulouse.inra.fr

Abstract

Association mapping and linkage mapping were used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) and/or causative mutations involved in the control of flowering time in cultivated sunflower Helianthus annuus. A panel of 384 inbred lines was phenotyped through testcrosses with two tester inbred lines across 15 location × year combinations. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population comprising 273 lines was phenotyped both per se and through testcrosses with one or two testers in 16 location × year combinations. In the association mapping approach, kinship estimation using 5,923 single nucleotide polymorphisms was found to be the best covariate to correct for effects of panel structure. Linkage disequilibrium decay ranged from 0.08 to 0.26 cM for a threshold of 0.20, after correcting for structure effects, depending on the linkage group (LG) and the ancestry of inbred lines. A possible hitchhiking effect is hypothesized for LG10 and LG08. A total of 11 regions across 10 LGs were found to be associated with flowering time, and QTLs were mapped on 11 LGs in the RIL population. Whereas eight regions were demonstrated to be common between the two approaches, the linkage disequilibrium approach did not detect a documented QTL that was confirmed using the linkage mapping approach.

PMID:
23435733
DOI:
10.1007/s00122-013-2056-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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