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Heart Rhythm. 2013 Jun;10(6):800-4. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.02.020. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

Tissue voltage discordance during tachycardia versus sinus rhythm: implications for catheter ablation.

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UCLA Cardiac Arrhythmia Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-1679, USA.



Electroanatomic mapping systems are an important tool to identify cardiac chamber voltage and assess channels of slow conduction.


To assess the correlation between electroanatomic mapping voltage maps obtained during macroreentrant tachycardia compared to sinus rhythm (SR) with a contact mapping system.


We retrospectively evaluated patients with atrial flutter (AFL) referred for radiofrequency ablation with electroanatomic voltage maps obtained during AFL and SR. The atrium was divided into predetermined segments. Overall atrial and segmental peak-to-peak bipolar voltages in AFL and SR were assessed. To directly compare a region within the same patient, tissue voltage differences during AFL and SR were assessed on the basis of mean voltage difference.


Sixteen patients (87% men) had available voltage maps. Eighty-one percent had typical cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent right AFL. A mean of 441.7±153.9 vs 398.1±125.4 total points (P = .22) were sampled during AFL and SR, with a mean of 99.5±58.9 vs 91.2±60.4 points (P = .45) sampled per region. Overall right atrial mean voltage was significantly higher during AFL than SR (0.554±0.092mV vs 0.473±0.079mV; P≤.001), with the lateral wall (0.707±0.120mV vs 0.573±0.097mV; P = .0004) and the cavotricuspid isthmus (0.559±0.100mV vs 0.356±0.066mV; P<.0001) also showing higher mean voltage during AFL. When compared within an individual patient, 19% (14 of 75) of the patient regions had a>0.5mV mean voltage difference and 40% (30 of 75) had a>0.25mV mean voltage difference.


These data suggest that voltage maps performed during macroreentrant atrial arrhythmias often vary significantly from maps obtained during SR.

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