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J Spinal Cord Med. 2013 Jan;36(1):4-11. doi: 10.1179/2045772312Y.0000000015.

Rehabilitation and treatment of spinal cord tumors.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Carolinas Rehabilitation, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA. vishwa.raj@carolinashealthcare.org

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Due to advances in acute oncological treatment, patients with spinal cord tumors exhibit improved survival. However, these patients have not received the full benefits of rehabilitation services to address their neurological deficits and rehabilitation goals.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the epidemiology and pathophysiology of spinal cord tumors, address methods of acute oncological management, review treatment for neurological sequelae, and understand the implications as they relate to rehabilitation.

METHODS:

An extensive literature review was performed regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, acute oncological management, neurological sequelae, and rehabilitation for patients with spinal cord tumors. Databases used included pubmed.gov and OVID, as well as individual journal and textbook articles.

RESULTS:

Access to treatment should be increased given improved survival and functional deficits for patients with spinal cord tumors. Individuals can benefit from inpatient rehabilitation programs, in spite of increased medical co-morbidity and neurological deficits. Specific areas of improvement include functionality, mood, quality of life, and survival. Adjustments to treatment plans must incorporate medical complications from cancer and its treatment, perceived quality of life, and prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with spinal cord tumors who participate in rehabilitation programs show general improvement in function, mood, quality of life, and survival. Adaptations to care plans should be made to accommodate medical co-morbidities from cancer and its treatment, patient perceptions, and prognosis.

PMID:
23433329
PMCID:
PMC3555105
DOI:
10.1179/2045772312Y.0000000015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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