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Respir Res. 2013 Feb 23;14:26. doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-14-26.

Exploring factors influencing asthma control and asthma-specific health-related quality of life among children.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, South College, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about factors contributing to children's asthma control status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The study objectives were to assess the relationship between asthma control and asthma-specific HRQoL in asthmatic children, and to examine the extent to which parental health literacy, perceived self-efficacy with patient-physician interaction, and satisfaction with shared decision-making (SDM) contribute to children's asthma control and asthma-specific HRQoL.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study utilized data collected from a sample of asthmatic children (n = 160) aged 8-17 years and their parents (n = 160) who visited a university medical center. Asthma-specific HRQoL was self-reported by children using the National Institutes of Health's Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Asthma Impact Scale. Satisfaction with SDM, perceived self-efficacy with patient-physician interaction, parental health literacy, and asthma control were reported by parents using standardized measures. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed to test the hypothesized pathways.

RESULTS:

Path analysis revealed that children with better asthma control reported higher asthma-specific HRQoL (β = 0.4, P < 0.001). Parents with higher health literacy and greater perceived self-efficacy with patient-physician interactions were associated with higher satisfaction with SDM (β = 0.38, P < 0.05; β = 0.58, P < 0.001, respectively). Greater satisfaction with SDM was in turn associated with better asthma control (β = -0.26, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Children's asthma control status influenced their asthma-specific HRQoL. However, parental factors such as perceived self-efficacy with patient-physician interaction and satisfaction with shared decision-making indirectly influenced children's asthma control status and asthma-specific HRQoL.

PMID:
23432913
PMCID:
PMC3599064
DOI:
10.1186/1465-9921-14-26
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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