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HIV Med. 2013 Jul;14(6):347-53. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12020. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Retrospective study of the effect of enhanced systematic sexually transmitted infection screening, facilitated by the use of electronic patient records, in an HIV-infected cohort.

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  • 1Department of Sexual Health and HIV, North West London Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK. gary.brook@nhs.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of electronic checklists in enhancing sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening in routine HIV care.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective cohort study. In two HIV clinics, new STIs were recorded for three consecutive 12-month periods between 2009 and 2012 in a cohort of 882 HIV-infected patients. These three years coincided with the introduction of enhanced STI screening based on prompts within the electronic patient record (EPR) system.

RESULTS:

The number of diagnoses and the incidence of STIs more than doubled between 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 in both men who have sex with men (MSM) [from 18 of 115 (15%) to 42 of 132 (32%), a rise in STI incidence from 15.6 to 31.8/100 person-years; P < 0.001] and heterosexual patients [from six of 716 (0.8%) to 19 of 749 (2.5%), a rise in STI incidence from 0.8 to 2.5/100 person-years; P < 0.005]. The rise was significant in MSM for infections with chlamydia [from seven of 115 (6%) to 14 of 132 (11%), a rise in incidence from 6.0 to 10.6/100 person-years; P < 0.05], gonorrhoea [from five of 115 (4%) to 12 of 132 (9%), a rise in STI incidence from 4.3 to 9.1/100 person-years; P < 0.05] and early syphilis [from four of 115 (3%) to 13 of 132 (10%), a rise in incidence from 3.5 to 9.8/100 person-years; P < 0.001], but not for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) infections. The rise was significant in heterosexual patients for infection with chlamydia [from four of 716 (0.6%) to 13 of 749 (1.7%), a rise in incidence from 0.6 to 1.7/100 person-years; P < 0.0001] but not for gonorrhoea, syphilis or Trichomonas vaginalis (TV).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data show that implementing systematic, frequent and routine STI screening led to a large increase in detected STIs in this HIV-infected cohort. This process is greatly enhanced by the use EPRs.

PMID:
23432731
DOI:
10.1111/hiv.12020
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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