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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Mar 27;61(12):3022-9. doi: 10.1021/jf3054214. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Carotenoids and phenolic compounds from Solanum sessiliflorum, an unexploited Amazonian fruit, and their scavenging capacities against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species.

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Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP) , 13083-862 Campinas-SP, Brazil.


The composition of carotenoids and phenolic compounds from mana-cubiu (Solanum sessiliflorum), a fruit native to Amazonia, was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array and mass spectrometry detectors (HPLC-DAD-MS(n)). The antioxidant capacities of the hydrophilic and carotenoid extracts against some reactive oxygen (ROO(•), H(2)O(2), HOCl, and HO(•)) and nitrogen (ONOO(-)) species were also determined. Seventeen carotenoids and three phenolic compounds were found in mana-cubiu. The major carotenoids were (all-E)-β-carotene (7.15 μg/g of dry weight) and (all-E)-lutein (2.41 μg/g of dry weight). The 5-caffeoylquinic acid (1351 μg/g of dry weight) was the major phenolic compound, representing more than 78% (w/w) of the total phenolic compounds. Moreover, two dihydrocaffeoyl spermidines were found in the hydrophilic extract. Both mana-cubiu extracts were able to scavenge all the tested reactive species. The carotenoid extract was shown to be a potent scavenger of peroxyl radical, while the hydrophilic extract was a potent hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorous acid scavenger.

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