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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 5;110(10):3835-40. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1220691110. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

Generation of a stable, aminotyrosyl radical-induced α2β2 complex of Escherichia coli class Ia ribonucleotide reductase.

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1
Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Abstract

Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside diphosphates to deoxynucleoside diphosphates (dNDPs). The Escherichia coli class Ia RNR uses a mechanism of radical propagation by which a cysteine in the active site of the RNR large (α2) subunit is transiently oxidized by a stable tyrosyl radical (Y•) in the RNR small (β2) subunit over a 35-Å pathway of redox-active amino acids: Y122• ↔ [W48?] ↔ Y356 in β2 to Y731 ↔ Y730 ↔ C439 in α2. When 3-aminotyrosine (NH2Y) is incorporated in place of Y730, a long-lived NH2Y730• is generated in α2 in the presence of wild-type (wt)-β2, substrate, and effector. This radical intermediate is chemically and kinetically competent to generate dNDPs. Herein, evidence is presented that NH2Y730• induces formation of a kinetically stable α2β2 complex. Under conditions that generate NH2Y730•, binding between Y730NH2Y-α2 and wt-β2 is 25-fold tighter (Kd = 7 nM) than for wt-α2.

PMID:
23431160
PMCID:
PMC3593893
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1220691110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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