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Virus Genes. 2013 Jun;46(3):473-8. doi: 10.1007/s11262-013-0892-4. Epub 2013 Feb 22.

Two natural recombinant highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses with different pathogenicities.

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Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, China Animal Disease Control Center, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100193, People's Republic of China.


Highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) is a variant of type 2 PRRSV with high virulence. Genetic and pathogenic characteristics of HP-PRRSV vary rapidly during the evolution. In this study, we determined the complete genome of a HP-PRRSV isolate designated 10FUJ-2, which shared 98.34 % nucleotide identity with HP-PRRSV reference strain JXA1. Genomic analyses by phylogenetic tree and recombination detection program confirmed 10FUJ-2 to be a recombinant with 09JS and JXA1 as potential parental viruses. Furthermore, we identified that 10FUJ-2 has high virulence as similar as the parental viruses by animal challenge study. In addition, we found that SY0909 was also a recombination virus probably from JXA1 and NT0801, which has been reported to be low pathogenic. Recombination analysis also revealed that Glycoproteins GP2 to GP5 of HP-PRRSV might contain major virulence determinants. Identification of two natural recombinants with different virulence supports the notion that recombination is a driving force affecting HP-PRRSV pathogenicity and a common mechanism contributing to HP-PRRSV evolution.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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