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Indian J Pediatr. 2013 Mar;80 Suppl 1:S87-94. doi: 10.1007/s12098-013-0962-6. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and youth.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, India.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) which used to be a disease of adults is now seen commonly at an early age in children and adolescents. T2DM is now an important diagnostic consideration in children who present with signs and symptoms of diabetes. The emerging epidemic of obesity in children throughout the world and the resultant insulin resistance contributes to the increasing prevalence of T2DM in this population. The recommended treatment options include metformin and insulin. Optimal glycemic control is essential considering the lifelong nature of the disease and therefore, the increased risk of long term complications - both microvascular and macrovascular. This review article summarizes the classification, diagnosis, pathogenesis, management, complications and screening of T2DM in children, incorporating and contextualizing guidelines from various professional associations.

PMID:
23430571
DOI:
10.1007/s12098-013-0962-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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