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JIMD Rep. 2013;8:57-62. doi: 10.1007/8904_2012_161. Epub 2012 Jul 21.

cblE-Type Homocystinuria Presenting with Features of Haemolytic-Uremic Syndrome in the Newborn Period.

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  • 1Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Sant Jan de Déu and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), ISCIII, Esplugues, Spain.

Abstract

This study describes a cblE type of homocystinuria associated with haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) features. We report on a male infant aged 43 days presenting with failure to thrive, hypotonia, pancytopaenia, HUS symptoms (microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and thrombocytopaenia with signs of renal involvement) and fatal evolution. An underlying cobalamin disorder was diagnosed after a bone marrow examination revealed megaloblastic changes associated with hyperhomocysteinaemia. An urinary organic acid analysis revealed normal methylmalonic acid excretion. The cblE diagnosis was confirmed with a complementation analysis using skin fibroblasts and genetic studies of the MTRR gene. The patient treatment included parenteral hydroxocobalamin, carnitine, betaine and folinic acid, but there was no response. After the autopsy, the histopathological examination of the kidneys showed marked myointimal proliferation and narrowing of the vascular lumen. The central nervous system showed signs of haemorrhage that affected the putamen and the thalamus; diffuse white matter lesions with spongiosis, necrosis and severe astrogliosis were also observed. Microangiopathy was observed with an increase in vessel wall thickness, a reduction of the arterial inner diameter and capillary oedema. The signs of necrosis and haemorrhage were detected in the cerebellum, the cerebellar peduncles, the tegmentum and the bulbar olives.In conclusion, cblE should be considered when diagnosing patients presenting with HUS signs and symptoms during the newborn period. Despite early diagnosis, however, the specific treatment measures were not effective in this patient.

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