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Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2012 Oct;34(3):306-13.

Regional differences associated with drinking and driving in Brazil.

Author information

  • 1Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Hospital das ClĂ­nicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. raqueldeboni@msn.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate regional differences and similarities associated with drinking and driving (DUI) in the five Brazilian macro-regions.

METHOD:

A roadside survey was conducted in the 27 Brazilian state capitals. A total of 3,398 drivers were randomly selected and given a structured interview and a breathalyzer test. To determine the predictors of positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in each region, a MANOVA was performed, and 3 groups were used as follows: 1) North and Northeast, 2) South and Midwest, and 3) Southeast. A Poisson robust regression model was performed to assess the variables associated with positive BAC in each group.

RESULTS:

Of all surveyed drivers, 2,410 had consumed alcohol in the previous 12 months. Most were male, with a median age of 36. Leisure as the reason for travel was associated with positive BAC in all 3 groups. Low schooling, being older than 30, driving cars or motorcycles and having been given a breathalyzer test at least once in their lives predicted DUI in at least two different groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Factors , especially low schooling and leisure as a reason for travel, associated with drinking and driving were similar among regions, although certain region-specific features were observed. This information is important for aiming to reduce DUI in the country.

PMID:
23429776
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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