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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2013 Jun;61(6):461-70. doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e31828c0933.

Mechanosensitive properties in the endothelium and their roles in the regulation of endothelial function.

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1
Departments of Clinical Pharmacy and Cardiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Key Laboratories of Education Ministry for Myocardial Ischemia Mechanism and Treatment, Harbin, China.

Abstract

: Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) line the luminal surface of blood vessels, which are exposed constantly to mechanical stimuli, such as fluid shear stress, cyclic strain, and blood pressure. In recent years, more and more evidence indicates that ECs sense these mechanical stimuli and subsequently convert mechanical stimuli into intracellular signals. The properties of ECs that sense the mechanical stimuli are defined as mechanosensors. There are a variety of mechanosensors that have been identified in ECs. These mechanosensors play an important role in regulating the function of the endothelium and vascular function, including blood pressure. This review focuses on the mechanosensors that have been identified in ECs and on the roles that mechanosensors play in the regulation of endothelium function, and in the regulation of vascular function.

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PMID:
23429585
DOI:
10.1097/FJC.0b013e31828c0933
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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