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Neurology. 2013 Mar 12;80(11):1018-24. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182872855. Epub 2013 Feb 20.

Disability in multiple sclerosis: a reference for patients and clinicians.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, NYU-Multiple Sclerosis Care Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. ilya.kister@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To create a reference table of disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) that would enable patients to rank their disability relative to others' with similar disease duration and to develop a cost-effective research tool for comparing MS severity across patient populations and time periods.

METHODS:

The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry collects disability data from patients with MS on a validated, 9-point Patient-Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale. We compiled the Disability Expectancy Table, which displays cumulative frequencies of PDDS scores for each year of disease duration, from 0 to 45 years. We also tabulated disease duration-adjusted mean ranks of PDDS scores, referred to as Patient-derived MS Severity Scores (P-MSSS).

RESULTS:

The cohort consisted of 27,918 NARCOMS enrollees, 72.7% of whom were female and 90.1% of whom were white. Mean age at symptom onset was 30.1 ± 10.1 years, and age at enrollment was 47.1 ± 11.0 years. The Disability Expectancy Table and P-MSSS afford a detailed overview of disability outcomes in a large MS cohort over a 45-year period. In the first year of disease, 15% of patients reported need of ambulatory aid, and 4% needed bilateral assistance or worse; after 45 years of disease, 76% of patients required ambulatory aid, and 52% bilateral assistance or worse. Proportion of patients who reported minimal or no interference in daily activities (PDDS ≤ 1) declined from 63% in the first year to 8% after 45 years of disease.

CONCLUSION:

The Disability Expectancy Table allows individual patients to determine how their disability ranks relative to NARCOMS enrollees with the same disease duration. P-MSSS may be used to compare disability across patient populations and to track disease progression in patient cohorts. P-MSSS does not require a formal neurologic examination and may therefore find wide applicability as a practical and cost-effective outcome measure in epidemiologic studies.

PMID:
23427319
PMCID:
PMC3653203
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182872855
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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