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J Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr 1;31(10):1310-6. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2012.44.3523. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

T-cell-replete HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic transplantation for hematologic malignancies using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide results in outcomes equivalent to those of contemporaneous HLA-matched related and unrelated donor transplantation.

Author information

1
Northside Hospital, Atlanta, GA 30342, USA. abashey@bmtga.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

T-cell-replete grafts from haploidentical donors using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide may represent a solution for patients who require allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) but lack a conventional donor. We compared outcomes of alloHCT using haploidentical donors with those of transplantation using conventional HLA-matched sibling donors (MRDs) and HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUDs).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Outcomes of 271 consecutive patients undergoing T-cell-replete first alloHCT for hematologic malignancies performed contemporaneously at a single center (53 using haploidentical donors; 117, MRDs; 101, MUDs) were compared. Overall and disease-free survival (DFS) were adjusted for effects of significant patient-, disease-, and transplantation-related covariates using a stratified Cox model.

RESULTS:

Patient characteristics were similar between the three donor groups. For patients undergoing MRD, MUD, and haploidentical transplantation, 24-month cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality were 13%, 16%, and 7% and of relapse were 34%, 34%, and 33%, respectively (P not significant [NS]). Cumulative incidences of grades 3 to 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 6 months were 8%, 11%, and 11%, respectively (P NS); extensive chronic GVHD occurred in 54%, 54%, and 38% of patients, respectively (P < .05 for those undergoing haploidentical donor v MRD or MUD transplantation). Adjusted 24-month probabilities of survival were 76%, 67%, and 64% and of DFS were 53%, 52%, and 60%, respectively; these were not significantly different among the three donor groups.

CONCLUSION:

Haploidentical transplantation performed using T-cell-replete grafts and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide achieves outcomes equivalent to those of contemporaneous transplantation performed using MRDs and MUDs. Such transplantation represents a valid alternative for patients who lack a conventional donor.

PMID:
23423745
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2012.44.3523
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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