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Diabetes. 2013 Jul;62(7):2416-28. doi: 10.2337/db12-1380. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

Munc18b is a major mediator of insulin exocytosis in rat pancreatic β-cells.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Sec1/Munc18 proteins facilitate the formation of trans-SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) complexes that mediate fusion of secretory granule (SG) with plasma membrane (PM). The capacity of pancreatic β-cells to exocytose insulin becomes compromised in diabetes. β-Cells express three Munc18 isoforms of which the role of Munc18b is unknown. We found that Munc18b depletion in rat islets disabled SNARE complex formation formed by syntaxin (Syn)-2 and Syn-3. Two-photon imaging analysis revealed in Munc18b-depleted β-cells a 40% reduction in primary exocytosis (SG-PM fusion) and abrogation of almost all sequential SG-SG fusion, together accounting for a 50% reduction in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). In contrast, gain-of-function expression of Munc18b wild-type and, more so, dominant-positive K314L/R315L mutant promoted the assembly of cognate SNARE complexes, which caused potentiation of biphasic GSIS. We found that this was attributed to a more than threefold enhancement of both primary exocytosis and sequential SG-SG fusion, including long-chain fusion (6-8 SGs) not normally (2-3 SG fusion) observed. Thus, Munc18b-mediated exocytosis may be deployed to increase secretory efficiency of SGs in deeper cytosolic layers of β-cells as well as additional primary exocytosis, which may open new avenues of therapy development for diabetes.

PMID:
23423569
PMCID:
PMC3712044
DOI:
10.2337/db12-1380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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