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NeuroRehabilitation. 2013;32(1):141-7. doi: 10.3233/NRE-130831.

Endurance exercise training protects against the upregulation of nitric oxide in the striatum of MPTP/probenecid mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

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1
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology JUST, 22110 Irbid, Jordan. jarrahm@just.edu.jo

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, caused by the gradual loss of cells in substantia nigra. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in a variety of signal transduction pathways that are crucial for maintaining the physiologic functions of nervous system. The aims of this study are: 1) To investigate the expression of the inducible form of NO (iNOS), and compare it to neuronal nitric oxide (nNOS) in the brain of a chronic mouse model of PD and 2) To study the effect of endurance exercise training on the expression of these markers.

METHOD:

Mouse models of PD were obtained using 10 doses of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) (25 mg/kg) and probenecid (250 mg/kg) over 5 weeks. Forty C57BL /6 albino mice were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC, N = 10), exercise control (EC, N = 10), sedentary PD (SPD, N = 10), exercise PD (EPD, N = 10). At the end of training program, nNOS and iNOS were evaluated in the striatum in all animal groups using immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

nNOS showed significant increases in striatum (ST) of SPD mice compared to SC mice (P > 0.03). There was also decreased expression of nNOS in EC group compared to SC mice, but this decrease was not significant (P > 0.8). Exercise training significantly decreased the level of nNOS in the EPD compared to SPD, (P > 0.04). Although, iNOS expression followed almost the same trend as nNOS, but exercise training did not significantly decrease the expression of iNOS in both EC and EPD groups, P > 0.2 and 0.3 respectively.

DISCUSSION:

The data from this study suggests that 4 weeks of treadmill exercise has a positive impact on the expression of nNOS and iNOS in the striatum of a PD model. This might clear in part the pathogenicity of the diseases and the positive impact of training on PD.

PMID:
23422467
DOI:
10.3233/NRE-130831
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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