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J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2013 Apr;120(4):537-42. doi: 10.1007/s00702-012-0960-2. Epub 2013 Feb 19.

Musculoskeletal problems in Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Movement Disorder Center, Seoul National University Hospital, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea.

Abstract

Musculoskeletal problems are very common and are an important contributor to poor quality of life in Parkinson's disease. However, they are under-appreciated, under-evaluated, and under-treated. This paper will address the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in Parkinson's disease, and review the clinical characteristics of selected musculoskeletal conditions, such as shoulder problems, low back pain, arthritis, deformity, osteoporosis and fracture. Finally, a variety of treatment modalities for musculoskeletal problems will be reviewed.

PMID:
23420172
DOI:
10.1007/s00702-012-0960-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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