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J Hazard Mater. 2013 Mar 15;248-249:487-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.043. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Titania/CnTAB Nanoskeleton as adsorbent and photocatalyst for removal of alkylphenols dissolved in water.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano 380-8553, Japan. tsakai@shinshu-u.ac.jp

Abstract

We report here on the removal of alkylphenols (phenol, 4-n-propylphenol, 4-n-heptylphenol and 4-nonylphenol) dissolved in water using the composite particles of nanocrystalline titania and alkyltrimethylammonium bromide (CnH2n+1N(CH3)3Br, CnTAB; n=12, 14, 16 and 18) (named as TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton) as adsorbents and photocatalysts. In particular, the adsorption of alkylphenols onto TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton in water was investigated in terms of hydrophobic interaction between alkylphenols and CnTAB, surface area, pore structure and crystal size of TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton. We revealed that CnTAB incorporated in the TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton promotes the adsorption of alkylphenols onto TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton due to the hydrophobic interaction between alkylphenols and CnTAB. On the other hand, the surface area, pore structure and crystal size of TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton did not affect the adsorption of alkylphenols onto TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton. We also found that the alkylphenols dissolved in water were completely removed by the combination of adsorption and photocatalytic degradation by the TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton under UV irradiation. These results prove that the TiO2/CnTAB Nanoskeleton acts as in tandem an adsorbent and a photocatalyst for removal of alkylphenols dissolved in water.

PMID:
23419907
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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