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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2013 Aug;84(3):540-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2013.01.017. Epub 2013 Feb 16.

Dextran-pegylated microparticles for enhanced cellular uptake of hydrophobic drugs.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy.


Polyethylene glycol monosubstituted with a polymerizable acrylic moiety was linked to 6-carboxy free position on dextran side chains and then subjected to radical polymerization with a comonomer in order to obtain microspheres for the oral controlled release of ketoconazole, a hydrophobic model drug. Microparticles were submitted to studies on their ability to absorb and retain water. Cell uptake studies, in the presence and absence of mucus, across two different monolayers, respectively, HT29-MTX-E12 and Caco-2, were done. Cytotoxicity studies were carried out to calculate the IC₅₀ value. The ability of microspheres to open monolayers tight junctions was tested by measuring their TEER values. Images of cell uptake were visualized by CLSM. In HT29-MTX-E12 cells, more mucoadhesion and drug internalization is seen thanks to the presence of PEG and dextran chains.

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