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PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055703. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Human 14-3-3 paralogs differences uncovered by cross-talk of phosphorylation and lysine acetylation.

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Laboratorio de Biología Estructural y Celular de Modificaciones post-traduccionales, Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnológicas-Instituto Tecnológico de Chascomus IIB-INTECH, Universidad Nacional de San Martín UNSAM, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas CONICET, Int. Marino Km 8.2, Chascomus, Argentina.


The 14-3-3 protein family interacts with more than 700 different proteins in mammals, in part as a result of its specific phospho-serine/phospho-threonine binding activity. Upon binding to 14-3-3, the stability, subcellular localization and/or catalytic activity of the ligands are modified. Seven paralogs are strictly conserved in mammalian species. Although initially thought as redundant, the number of studies showing specialization is growing. We created a protein-protein interaction network for 14-3-3, kinases and their substrates signaling in human cells. We included information of phosphorylation, acetylation and other PTM sites, obtaining a complete representation of the 14-3-3 binding partners and their modifications. Using a computational system approach we found that networks of each 14-3-3 isoform are statistically different. It was remarkable to find that Tyr was the most phosphorylatable amino acid in domains of 14-3-3 epsilon partners. This, together with the over-representation of SH3 and Tyr_Kinase domains, suggest that epsilon could be involved in growth factors receptors signaling pathways particularly. We also found that within zeta's network, the number of acetylated partners (and the number of modify lysines) is significantly higher compared with each of the other isoforms. Our results imply previously unreported hidden differences of the 14-3-3 isoforms interaction networks. The phosphoproteome and lysine acetylome within each network revealed post-transcriptional regulation intertwining phosphorylation and lysine acetylation. A global understanding of these networks will contribute to predict what could occur when regulatory circuits become dysfunctional or are modified in response to external stimuli.

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