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Neuropsychol Rev. 2013 Mar;23(1):81-98. doi: 10.1007/s11065-013-9225-6. Epub 2013 Feb 16.

Cognitive neurorehabilitation of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders: a qualitative review and call to action.

Author information

1
Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Abstract

Despite significant advances in the virologic management of HIV infection over the last two decades, effective treatments for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain elusive. While pharmacological interventions have yielded some success in improving neurocognitive outcomes in HIV, there is a dearth of rigorous studies examining the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation for remediating HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment. This qualitative review summarizes and critiques the emerging literature on cognitive and behavioral treatments for HAND, which provides many reasons for optimism, but also has major limitations that underscore the scope of the work that lies ahead. Considering the notable real-world consequences of HAND, the development, validation, and clinical deployment of cognitive neurorehabilitation interventions tailored to the needs of persons living with HIV infection is a priority for clinical neuroAIDS investigators. In describing potential future directions for this endeavor, particular attention was paid to the application of cognitive neuropsychological principles in developing theory-driven approaches to managing HAND, improving everyday functioning, and enhancing HIV health outcomes.

PMID:
23417497
PMCID:
PMC3606924
DOI:
10.1007/s11065-013-9225-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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