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J Infect Dev Ctries. 2013 Feb 15;7(2):116-24. doi: 10.3855/jidc.2834.

Impact of infectious etiology on the outcome of Taiwanese patients hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia.

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Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan.



This study aimed to assess the relationships between infectious etiology, empiric treatment, and outcomes in Taiwanese patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP).


A retrospective analysis of the data of 208 adult patients from a single medical center was performed with patients classified as having low or high disease severity based on the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI). Patients with PSI ≤ 90 (n=120) were classified as low severity and patients with PSI > 90 (n=88) were classified as high severity.


The low-risk group had significantly higher rates of infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae), whereas the high-risk group had significantly higher rates of infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) (p < 0.05). Empiric treatment in both groups was in accordance with the 2007 guidelines issued by the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS). Twenty-nine of 208 patients (13.9%) died, one in the low-risk group and 28 in the high-risk group. The highest rates of mortality were in patients infected with P. aeruginosa or K. pneumoniae.


In the present study, we demonstrated that the patients with different severity had different microbiologic etiology. In general, P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae were the most commonly isolated organisms in high-risk patients who died from CAP. We showed that use of the IIDSA/ATS guidelines for treatment of CAP in Taiwan resulted in a better outcome in the low PSI group.

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