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J Comp Neurol. 1990 Apr 22;294(4):507-36.

Medial forebrain bundle of the rat: III. Cytoarchitecture of the rostral (telencephalic) part of the medial forebrain bundle bed nucleus.

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Department of Anatomy and Embryology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The boundaries of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of the rat have been presented in previous work on the structure of this fiber system (Nieuwenhuys et al.: J. Comp. Neurol. 206:49-81, '82). Neuronal cell bodies within these outlines constitute the bed nucleus of the MFB. Many fiber components of the MFB appeared to be spatially arranged within the bundle and featured an orderly topography (Veening et al.: J. Comp. Neurol. 206:82-108, '82). As the fibers of the MFB are thought to be a major source of afferents to the bed nucleus (Millhouse: In P.J. Morgane and J. Panksepp (eds): Anatomy of the Hypothalamus, Vol. 1. New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 221-265, '79), the latter has been subjected in this and the companion study (Geeraedts et al.: J. Comp. Neurol. 294:537-568, '90) to a detailed cytoarchitectonic analysis. This analysis is based on continuous series sectioned in the three conventional planes. On the basis of cytoarchitectonic characteristics, including size and shape, staining intensity, packing density, and spatial orientation of the cell bodies, it was found that the bed nucleus of the MFB as described in the literature is by no means a cytoarchitectonic unit per se. Rather, the neuronal cell population located within the telencephalic stream of the MFB can be parcellated into a number of cellular groups, which partly or entirely belong to more-or-less known basal telencephalic structures. These structures are designated here as the MFB-related areas. They correspond largely to the subcommissural substantia innominata (SIC), the sublenticular substantia innominata (SIL), the nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca, the olfactory tubercle, the magnocellular preoptic nucleus (POMA), the lateral preoptic area (LPOA), and the interstitial nucleus of the stria medullaris (ISM). The complex of the MFB-related areas is surrounded by the following cellular entities: the nucleus accumbens (ACB), the caudatus-putamen region (CPU), the globus pallidus (GP), the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST), the anterior amygdaloid area (AAA), the amygdaloid nuclear complex (A), the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the anterior hypothalamic area (AHA). Both MFB-related areas and their surroundings have been identified and delimited in this study. This resulted in a new cytoarchitectonic atlas of the rat's basal telencephalon. Our atlas does not only show the relative positions of the above mentioned cellular groups, but also those of their subdivisions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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