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Patient Educ Couns. 2013 May;91(2):180-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2012.11.015. Epub 2013 Feb 12.

Long-term effect of communication training on the relationship between physicians' self-efficacy and performance.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Campus Ahus, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. pal.gulbrandsen@medisin.uio.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the long term impact of a communication skills intervention on physicians' communication self-efficacy and the relationship between reported self-efficacy and actual performance.

METHODS:

62 hospital physicians were exposed to a 20-h communication skills course according to the Four Habits patient-centered approach in a crossover randomized trial. Encounters with real patients before and after the intervention (mean 154 days) were videotaped, for evaluation of performance using the four habits coding scheme. Participants completed a questionnaire about communication skills self-efficacy before the course, immediately after the course, and at 3 years follow-up. Change in self-efficacy and the correlations between performance and self-efficacy at baseline and follow-up were assessed.

RESULTS:

Communication skills self-efficacy was not correlated to performance at baseline (r=-0.16; p=0.22). The association changed significantly (p=0.01) and was positive at follow-up (r=0.336, p=0.042). The self-efficacy increased significantly (effect size d=0.27). High performance after the course and low self-efficacy before the course were associated with larger increase in communication skills self-efficacy.

CONCLUSION:

A communication skills course led to improved communication skills self-efficacy more than 3 years later, and introduced a positive association between communication skills self-efficacy and performance not present at baseline.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Communication skills training enhances physicians' insight in own performance.

PMID:
23414658
PMCID:
PMC3622152
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2012.11.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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