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Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Feb 1;110(5):055302. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

Simulating (2+1)-dimensional lattice QED with dynamical matter using ultracold atoms.

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1
School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel.

Abstract

We suggest a method to simulate compact quantum electrodynamics using ultracold atoms in optical lattices, which includes dynamical Dirac fermions in 2+1 dimensions. This allows us to test the dynamical effects of confinement as well as the deformations and breaking of two-dimensional flux loops, and to observe the Wilson-loop area law.

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