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J Biol Chem. 2013 Apr 5;288(14):9662-74. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.440552. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

Prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2) binds a Pro-Xaa-Leu-Glu motif, linking it to the heat shock protein 90 pathway.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

Prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2, also known as Egg Laying Defective Nine homolog 1) is a key oxygen-sensing protein in metazoans. In an oxygen-dependent manner, PHD2 site-specifically prolyl hydroxylates the master transcription factor of the hypoxic response, hypoxia-inducible factor-α (HIF-α), thereby targeting HIF-α for degradation. In this report we show that the heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) co-chaperones p23 and FKBP38 interact via a conserved Pro-Xaa-Leu-Glu motif (where Xaa = any amino acid) in these proteins with the N-terminal Myeloid Nervy and DEAF-1 (MYND)-type zinc finger of PHD2. Knockdown of p23 augments hypoxia-induced HIF-1α protein levels and HIF target genes. We propose that p23 recruits PHD2 to the HSP90 machinery to facilitate HIF-1α hydroxylation. These findings identify a link between two ancient pathways, the PHD:HIF and the HSP90 pathways, and suggest that this link was established concurrent with the emergence of the PHD:HIF pathway in evolution.

PMID:
23413029
PMCID:
PMC3617269
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M112.440552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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