Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Radiol. 2013 Jun;82(6):e274-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.01.009. Epub 2013 Feb 11.

Efficacy of thyroid ultrasound elastography in differential diagnosis of small thyroid nodules.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Box 357115, 1959 NE Pacific Street, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. dighe@u.washington.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the efficacy of thyroid ultrasound (US) elastography in differential diagnosis of small thyroid nodules.

METHODS:

This HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the Institutional Review Board and all patients provided written informed consent. Thirty-five patients with 38 small thyroid nodules as seen on transverse ultrasound image formed our study population. An US examination and a separate thyroid elastography examination with pulsation from the carotid artery used as the compression source were performed before fine-needle aspiration. Baseband US data were acquired for off-line elastography processing, where a semi-quantitative index for each nodule was calculated. The Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric rank sum test was used to assess equality of population means among the different types of thyroid nodules. Maximum likelihood estimation of the curve parameters for a binomial receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed.

RESULTS:

Elasticity contrast index calculated with elastography was effective in distinguishing between small papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTMC, n=8) and other lesions (n=30) in small thyroid nodules (p=0.0036). The area under the ROC curve for diagnosing PTMCs was 0.812 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.653-0.920. The cut-off value of ECI of 3.6 led to a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 60% for detecting PTMCs.

CONCLUSION:

Noninvasive evaluation of small thyroid nodules is possible using thyroid US elastography with in vivo compression to pick out the most suspicious thyroid nodules for fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and avoid FNA in benign nodules.

PMID:
23410906
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.01.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center